Gyges* (designer: Claude Leroy) Accessories: - a 6x6 game board - 12 pieces (4 "1", 4 "2" and 4 "3" piece, e.g. 1/2/3 stacked checkers, color does not matter) Goal: - To move a piece exactly one step (!) over the far end of the board - If the opponent could have evaded it, he can take his last move back (so one must win in a way that it cannot be stopped) Starting position: - Both players have 2 of each of the three types of pieces - The place them in turns on the row closest to them - Alternatively: the first player places all 6 pieces, then the second player does the same Game: - Players move in turns - In each turn they move one piece - Only the pieces in the closest non-empty row ("active row") can be moved (If there are no movable pieces, then in the next row, and so on.) - A piece has to move as many steps as its type (1, 2 or 3) - Steps can be taken horizontally or vertically, not necessarily in the same direction - Other pieces cannot be jumped over - A dividing line between two squares cannot be crossed twice in one move - If a piece lands on an occupied square, there are two options: 1. Bounce: take as many more steps as the occupying piece would 2. Replace: place the occupying piece on any square, but not behind the opponent's active row * Gyges was the king of Lydia (c. 680-650 BC). In the original 1985 version of the game (published by Swiss Games), the pieces looked like stacks of (1, 2 or 3) rings. This may be a reference to the Ring of Gyges, which makes its bearer invisible, according to Plato's "Republic" (2.359a-2.360d): "According to the tradition, Gyges was a shepherd in the service of the king of Lydia; there was a great storm, and an earthquake made an opening in the earth at the place where he was feeding his flock. Amazed at the sight, he descended into the opening, where, among other marvels, he beheld a hollow brazen horse, having doors, at which he stooping and looking in saw a dead body of stature, as appeared to him, more than human, and having nothing on but a gold ring; this he took from the finger of the dead and reascended. Now the shepherds met together, according to custom, that they might send their monthly report about the flocks to the king; into their assembly he came having the ring on his finger, and as he was sitting among them he chanced to turn the collet of the ring inside his hand, when instantly he became invisible to the rest of the company and they began to speak of him as if he were no longer present. He was astonished at this, and again touching the ring he turned the collet outwards and reappeared; he made several trials of the ring, and always with the same result-when he turned the collet inwards he became invisible, when outwards he reappeared. Whereupon he contrived to be chosen one of the messengers who were sent to the court; where as soon as he arrived he seduced the queen, and with her help conspired against the king and slew him, and took the kingdom."